When You Meet Blind People . . . 
  • Do ask if you can be of help.
  • Do ask if they want to take your arm.
  • Do speak in a normal voice-most blind people are not deaf.
  • Do identify yourself on entering a room and tell them if you are leaving.
  • Do allow them the respect and dignity due to any individual. Don’t give unwanted assistance.
  • Don’t grab, push or pull them.
  • Don’t avoid words such as look or see, they’re in everyone’s vocabulary.
  • Don’t play “guess who,” or walk away and leave them talking to themselves.
Be Alert: Save your Sight.
To prevent eyestrain, follow these good reading habits faithfully: 
  • USE a good reading lamp or sufficient light source.
  • HOLD reading material 16-18 inches from your eyes.
  • AVOID reading in moving vehicles which may put an added strain on the eyes.
  • MAKE certain, if required, you have properly fitted eyeglasses for reading. 
Eye First Aid
 To remove grit or foreign bodies from the eye . . .
  • Wash eye liberally with eye wash (if available) or clean tap water. Give tears a chance to wash out speck.
  • If object is under upper lid, lift upper eyelid outward and down over lower lid so that foreign body may stick to it.
  • Try to wipe speck gently with moistened sterile gauze or moistened tip of a clean handkerchief.
  • If object is under lower lid, pull down lower lid and wipe off speck gently.
If foreign object doesn’t come out . . .
  • Keep eye closed.
  • Place gauze pads or clean cloths over both eyes and hold in place lightly with adhesive tape.
  • Do not rub eye.
  • Get professional medical help immediately.
If eye is cut or scratched . . .
  • Do not wash out eye with water.
  • Bandage lightly.
  • See a doctor at once.
Accidental Eye Injuries
Despite eye care education given in schools, accidental injuries to the eyes still cause a surprising portion of incidents of blindness. About 90,000 people — most of them children — lost their sight to blinding accidents last year. Tragically, many of these might have been prevented with a little care. You can protect your own vision and the sight of your family if you:
  • Keep scissors, knives, pens and other sharp or pointed instruments out of your baby’s reach.
  • Examine toys before you let your child play with them. Ask yourself, is he/she really old enough to play with this safely?
  • Teach older children careful handling of archery equipment and BB guns.
  • Supervise play activities of your own children and their playmates whenever possible.
  • Make sure the child who must wear glasses is fitted with shatterproof lenses.
  • Protect adult eyes too – by wearing safety goggles if your job requires them.
  • Recognize that vision damage can occur as the result of a blow to the eye or a black eye. Consult your doctor as a precaution.
It may be Glaucoma!

Glaucoma is an eye disease that damages the optic nerve leading to reduced vision or even blindness. Glaucoma is a very common cause of blindness affecting three million Americans yearly.

Half of the people with Glaucoma do not even know. Glaucoma usually destroys eyesight without any pain or symptoms. By the time any changes in vision are noted permanent visual loss may have occurred. Early detection and treatment may prevent significant loss of sight.

If you experience any of the following symptoms, you should be examined for glaucoma or other eye problems: frequent changes in eyeglasses, difficulty adjusting your eyes in darkened rooms, loss of vision, blurred or foggy vision, and/or rainbow colored rings around lights.

Remember: don’t wait for symptoms to appear before seeking regular eye care. Regular eye exams are the most important thing you can do to detect glaucoma. 
Detecting Vision Problems in Children 
There is more to determining your child’s visual acuity than just reading an eye chart. Vision is complex. It involves the ability to focus, distinguish colors, and coordinate head and eye movements.
Many children don’t know they have eye problems and so they don’t seek help. Therefore, parents have to be on the alert.
By 6 months the eyes of a newborn baby should be steady and straight. To be sure that the eyes are functioning properly, have them thoroughly examined during infancy and annually thereafter. Between checkups look for these clues to vision problems.
The physical appearance of the eye may change when there is an impairment. Changes include excessive watering, hazy pupils, swollen or encrusted eyelids, frequent sties and extreme sensitivity to light.
Often, coordination problems are the tip-off. Does the baby have difficulty picking things up? Does the child frequently bump into things, trip and stumble? Does he or she tilt or turn her head strangely?
Headaches, squinting, blinking, favoring one eye and rubbing the eyes are indicative of problems. Also, the child who holds objects very close or very far away may not be seeing correctly.
The school-age youngster with vision disorders sometimes has trouble with blackboard work. His written work may provide clues such as poor alignment, confusion of letters and unusual color choices. In addition, the child may become irritable when doing work or playing games which require vision skills.